A router is an essential tool in any workshop. A router just makes the job easier and the final project that much nicer. Routers were first introduced in the early 20th century and are designed to rout or cut grooves, hollow out areas or create shapes on the edge of wood. As you can see by the above picture, the motor is on top and drives a bit on the base of the router.
Size and Weight
If you are looking for a simple router for crafts, you can buy a router that has 1 horsepower or less. If you're looking to perform some serious work such as larger bits and larger projects, I would buy a router that has at least 1 3/4 horsepower. Some routers accept 1/4 shank bit sizes while others accept 1/2. Try to find a router that accepts both sizes. Some routers have metal casing while other have plastic. Plastic is lighter, but if you are going to put a beating on your tools or even use them often, metal is not that much heavier.
Some routers accept 1/4 shank bit sizes while others accept 1/2. Try to find a router that accepts both sizes. Some routers have metal casing while other have plastic. Plastic is lighter, but if you are going to put a beating on your tools or even use them often, metal is not that much heavier and will last a lot longer.
Router Power Option
Corded Router – A Router is considered a high demand tool which means they take a lot of amps. When you are starting the tool or when you are using a large bit, it puts a large demand on power and the tool. Most routers are corded routers. If you will be doing large projects, a cord is still the way to go
Cordless Router – Some router are powered by batteries. These routers are great because you don't have a cord getting in the way. These routers still offer a ton of power but will lack serious run time.
Some routers have D handles while other have round knobs. Personally, I like the round knobs because it doesn't seem like you are limited on you holding with the knobs. The D handles you can only hold a certain way.
Router bits are what does the actual cutting. We devoted a whole section to the bits because it's very important to understand and have the right router bits. Router Bits
Buying A Router
- Look for one with at least 1 horsepower, I would go with at least 1 3/4 if possible.
- Look for a model that has a convenient on/off switch that is easy to access and covered by plastic to prevent wood getting stuck on the switch.
- Buy a router that accepts 1/4 and 1/2 inch bits sizes
- Look for a router with an easy to adjust the depth and a micro-fine depth adjuster.
Using A Router
- Always make sure the bit is tight in the router and the bit is sharp
- Clamp your work tightly
- Feed the router from the left side to the right side so the cutting edge meets the wood first.
- Don't push the router, let the router do the work.
- Watch for knots and nails.